The Carriage provides mounting and motion control components for tooling. The carriage moves left and right, either through manual operation of a hand wheel, or it can be driven by a lead screw. At the base of a carriage is a saddle that mates and aligns with the bed ways.
The Lathe‘s cross-slide, compound rest and tool holder are mounted to the top of the carriage. Some carriages are equipped with a rotating Turret to allow a variety of Tools to be used in succession for multi-step operations.